Cheaper solar cells could be on the way thanks to new materials

Journal Reference: Zhen Li, Bo Li, Xin Wu, Stephanie A. Sheppard, Shoufeng Zhang, Danpeng Gao, Nicholas J. Long, Zonglong Zhu. Organometallic-functionalized interfaces for highly efficient inverted perovskite solar cells. Science, 2022; 376 (6591): 416 DOI: 10.1126/science.abm8566 Traditional solar cells are made from silicon, which has good efficiency and stability, but is relatively expensive to make … Read more

COVID-19 can directly infect and damage human kidney cells

Journal Reference: Titilola D. Kalejaiye, Rohan Bhattacharya, Morgan A. Burt, Tatianna Travieso, Arinze E. Okafor, Xingrui Mou, Maria Blasi, Samira Musah. SARS-CoV-2 Employ BSG/CD147 and ACE2 Receptors to Directly Infect Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Kidney Podocytes. Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology, 2022; 10 DOI: 10.3389/fcell.2022.855340 The research appeared online April 20 in the … Read more

Strategy for highly efficient and stable perovskite solar cells

Journal Reference: Taylor B. Hamby, Matthew J. LaLama, Christo S. Sevov. Controlling Ni redox states by dynamic ligand exchange for electroreductive Csp3–Csp2 coupling. Science, 2022; 376 (6591): 410 DOI: 10.1126/science.abo0039 Traditional solar cells are made of silicon, which has high power conversion efficiency and good stability. But they are relatively expensive and are reaching their … Read more

Extract from a common kitchen spice could be key to greener, more efficient fuel cells

Journal Reference: Sai Prasad Nayak, Lakshman K. Ventrapragada, Sai Sathish Ramamurthy, J.K. Kiran Kumar, Apparao M. Rao. Green synthesis of a novel porous gold-curcumin nanocomposite for super-efficient alcohol oxidation. Nano Energy, 2022; 94: 106966 DOI: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2022.106966 Researchers at the Clemson Nanomaterials Institute (CNI) and their collaborators from the Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning … Read more

Vitamin E can boost immunotherapy responses by reinvigorating dendritic cells

Journal Reference: Xiangliang Yuan, Yimin Duan, Yi Xiao, Kai Sun, Yutao Qi, Yuan Zhang, Zamal Ahmed, Davide Moiani, Jun Yao, Hongzhong Li, Lin Zhang, Arseniy E. Yuzhalin, Ping Li, Chenyu Zhang, Akosua Badu-Nkansah, Yohei Saito, Xianghua Liu, Wen-Ling Kuo, Haoqiang Ying, Shao-Cong Sun, Jenny C. Chang, John A. Tainer, Dihua Yu. Vitamin E Enhances Cancer … Read more

Key signaling pathway in immune cells could be new Alzheimer’s target

Journal Reference: Chao Wang, Li Fan, Rabia R. Khawaja, Bangyan Liu, Lihong Zhan, Lay Kodama, Marcus Chin, Yaqiao Li, David Le, Yungui Zhou, Carlo Condello, Lea T. Grinberg, William W. Seeley, Bruce L. Miller, Sue-Ann Mok, Jason E. Gestwicki, Ana Maria Cuervo, Wenjie Luo, Li Gan. Microglial NF-κB drives tau spreading and toxicity in a … Read more

New tool reveals how immune cells find their targets

Journal Reference: Connor S. Dobson, Anna N. Reich, Stephanie Gaglione, Blake E. Smith, Ellen J. Kim, Jiayi Dong, Larance Ronsard, Vintus Okonkwo, Daniel Lingwood, Michael Dougan, Stephanie K. Dougan, Michael E. Birnbaum. Antigen identification and high-throughput interaction mapping by reprogramming viral entry. Nature Methods, 2022; DOI: 10.1038/s41592-022-01436-z MIT biological engineers have now devised an experimental … Read more

Immune cells produce chemical messenger that prevents heart disease–related inflammation

Journal Reference: Maximilian J. Schloss, Maarten Hulsmans, David Rohde, I-Hsiu Lee, Nicolas Severe, Brody H. Foy, Fadi E. Pulous, Shuang Zhang, Konstantinos D. Kokkaliaris, Vanessa Frodermann, Gabriel Courties, Chongbo Yang, Yoshiko Iwamoto, Anders Steen Knudsen, Cameron S. McAlpine, Masahiro Yamazoe, Stephen P. Schmidt, Gregory R. Wojtkiewicz, Gustavo Santos Masson, Karin Gustafsson, Diane Capen, Dennis Brown, … Read more

Cells dancing harmonic duets could enable personalized cancer therapies

Journal Reference: Shujie Yang, Zhenhua Tian, Zeyu Wang, Joseph Rufo, Peng Li, John Mai, Jianping Xia, Hunter Bachman, Po-Hsun Huang, Mengxi Wu, Chuyi Chen, Luke P. Lee, Tony Jun Huang. Harmonic acoustics for dynamic and selective particle manipulation. Nature Materials, 2022; DOI: 10.1038/s41563-022-01210-8 These abilities could serve a wide variety of fields, such as materials … Read more

‘Switching off’ specific brain cells protects against stress

Journal Reference: Misaki Niu et al. Claustrum mediates bidirectional and reversible control of stress-induced anxiety responses. Science Advances, 2022 DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abi6375 In a study published this month in Science Advances, researchers from Osaka University discovered a small group of brain cells in the claustrum of mice that controls stress-induced anxiety behaviors. When these cells were … Read more

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