Meet the forest microbes that can survive megafires

Journal Reference: Dylan J. Enright, Kerri M. Frangioso, Kazuo Isobe, David M. Rizzo, Sydney I. Glassman. Mega‐fire in redwood tanoak forest reduces bacterial and fungal richness and selects for pyrophilous taxa that are phylogenetically conserved. Molecular Ecology, 2022; 31 (8): 2475 DOI: 10.1111/mec.16399 Fires of unprecedented size and intensity, called megafires, are becoming increasingly common. … Read more

Marine microbes swim towards their favorite food

Journal Reference: Jean-Baptiste Raina, Bennett S. Lambert, Donovan H. Parks, Christian Rinke, Nachshon Siboni, Anna Bramucci, Martin Ostrowski, Brandon Signal, Adrian Lutz, Himasha Mendis, Francesco Rubino, Vicente I. Fernandez, Roman Stocker, Philip Hugenholtz, Gene W. Tyson, Justin R. Seymour. Chemotaxis shapes the microscale organization of the ocean’s microbiome. Nature, 2022; DOI: 10.1038/s41586-022-04614-3 New research demonstrates … Read more

Fluid flow stimulates chemosynthesis in a Greek salad of hydrothermal microbes

Journal Reference: Stefan M. Sievert, Solveig I. Bühring, Lara K. Gulmann, Kai-Uwe Hinrichs, Petra Pop Ristova, Gonzalo V. Gomez-Saez. Fluid flow stimulates chemoautotrophy in hydrothermally influenced coastal sediments. Communications Earth & Environment, 2022; 3 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s43247-022-00426-5 The hydrothermalism in the coastal sediments of Paliochori Bay strongly affects biogeochemical processes there and supports chemosynthesis, which … Read more

Light-powered microbes are super-producing chemical factories

Journal Reference: Yoshihiro Toya, Yoko Hirono-Hara, Hidenobu Hirayama, Kentaro Kamata, Ryo Tanaka, Mikoto Sano, Sayaka Kitamura, Kensuke Otsuka, Rei Abe-Yoshizumi, Satoshi P. Tsunoda, Hiroshi Kikukawa, Hideki Kandori, Hiroshi Shimizu, Fumio Matsuda, Jun Ishii, Kiyotaka Y. Hara. Optogenetic reprogramming of carbon metabolism using light-powering microbial proton pump systems. Metabolic Engineering, 2022; 72: 227 DOI: 10.1016/j.ymben.2022.03.012 In … Read more

Microbes produce oxygen in the dark

Journal Reference: Beate Kraft, Nico Jehmlich, Morten Larsen, Laura A. Bristow, Martin Könneke, Bo Thamdrup, Donald E. Canfield. Oxygen and nitrogen production by an ammonia-oxidizing archaeon. Science, 2022; 375 (6576): 97 DOI: 10.1126/science.abe6733 The study is led by Beate Kraft and Donald E. Canfield from University of Southern Denmark and published in the journal Science. … Read more

Smart and sustainable food packaging keeps harmful microbes at bay

Journal Reference: Zeynep Aytac, Jie Xu, Suresh Kumar Raman Pillai, Brian D. Eitzer, Tao Xu, Nachiket Vaze, Kee Woei Ng, Jason C. White, Mary B. Chan-Park, Yaguang Luo, Philip Demokritou. Enzyme- and Relative Humidity-Responsive Antimicrobial Fibers for Active Food Packaging. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2021; 13 (42): 50298 DOI: 10.1021/acsami.1c12319 The waterproof food packaging … Read more

phyloFlash: New software for fast and easy analysis of environmental microbes

Journal Reference: Harald R. Gruber-Vodicka, Brandon K. B. Seah, Elmar Pruesse. phyloFlash: Rapid Small-Subunit rRNA Profiling and Targeted Assembly from Metagenomes. mSystems, 2020; 5 (5) DOI: 10.1128/mSystems.00920-20 First the background: Microbiologists traditionally determine which organisms they are dealing with using the small subunit ribosomal RNA or in short SSU rRNA gene. This marker gene allows … Read more

Microbes trap massive amounts of carbon

Journal Reference: Katherine M. Fullerton, Matthew O. Schrenk, Mustafa Yücel, Elena Manini, Marco Basili, Timothy J. Rogers, Daniele Fattorini, Marta Di Carlo, Giuseppe d’Errico, Francesco Regoli, Mayuko Nakagawa, Costantino Vetriani, Francesco Smedile, Carlos Ramírez, Heather Miller, Shaunna M. Morrison, Joy Buongiorno, Gerdhard L. Jessen, Andrew D. Steen, María Martínez, J. Maarten de Moor, Peter H. … Read more

Microbes can provide sustainable hydrocarbons for the petrochemical industry

Journal Reference: Zhen Q. Wang, Heng Song, Edward J. Koleski, Noritaka Hara, Dae Sung Park, Gaurav Kumar, Yejin Min, Paul J. Dauenhauer, Michelle C. Y. Chang. A dual cellular–heterogeneous catalyst strategy for the production of olefins from glucose. Nature Chemistry, 2021; DOI: 10.1038/s41557-021-00820-0 Making those chemicals biologically is the obvious option, but microbial products are … Read more

How sugar-loving microbes could help power future cars

Journal Reference: Zhen Q. Wang, Heng Song, Edward J. Koleski, Noritaka Hara, Dae Sung Park, Gaurav Kumar, Yejin Min, Paul J. Dauenhauer, Michelle C. Y. Chang. A dual cellular–heterogeneous catalyst strategy for the production of olefins from glucose. Nature Chemistry, 2021; DOI: 10.1038/s41557-021-00820-0 But that’s exactly what scientists have done. In a forthcoming study in … Read more

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