Nanoplastic particles love firm: Researchers analyze polyethylene degradation in environment

Journal Reference: Teresa Menzel, Nora Meides, Anika Mauel, Ulrich Mansfeld, Winfried Kretschmer, Meike Kuhn, Eva M. Herzig, Volker Altstädt, Peter Strohriegl, Jürgen Senker, Holger Ruckdäschel. Degradation of low-density polyethylene to nanoplastic particles by accelerated weathering. Science of The Total Environment, 2022; 826: 154035 DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.154035 Polyethylene is a plastic that occurs in various molecular structures. … Read more

Researchers investigate connection between loss of motivation and Alzheimer’s disease progression

Journal Reference: Changyong Guo, Di Wen, Yihong Zhang, Richie Mustaklem, Basil Mustaklem, Miou Zhou, Tao Ma, Yao-Ying Ma. Amyloid-β oligomers in the nucleus accumbens decrease motivation via insertion of calcium-permeable AMPA receptors. Molecular Psychiatry, 2022; DOI: 10.1038/s41380-022-01459-0 The study, led by Yao-Ying Ma, MD, PhD, assistant professor of pharmacology and toxicology, was recently featured in … Read more

Researchers take important step towards development of biological dental enamel

Journal Reference: Lara Hemeryck, Florian Hermans, Joel Chappell, Hiroto Kobayashi, Diether Lambrechts, Ivo Lambrichts, Annelies Bronckaers, Hugo Vankelecom. Organoids from human tooth showing epithelial stemness phenotype and differentiation potential. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, 2022; 79 (3) DOI: 10.1007/s00018-022-04183-8 Our teeth are very important in everyday activities such as eating and speaking, as well as … Read more

Management researchers prescribe possible remedy in opioid misuse

Journal Reference: Abdullah Gökçınar, Metin Çakanyıldırım, Theodore Price, Meredith C. B. Adams. Balanced Opioid Prescribing via a Clinical Trade-Off: Pain Relief vs. Adverse Effects of Discomfort, Dependence, and Tolerance/Hypersensitivity. Decision Analysis, 2022; DOI: 10.1287/deca.2021.0447 In a study published online Feb. 3 in the INFORMS journal Decision Analysis, Naveen Jindal School of Management researchers explored how … Read more

Researchers create miniature wide-angle camera with flat metalenses

Journal Reference: Ji Chen, Xin Ye, Shenglun Gao, Yuxin Chen, Yunwei Zhao, Chunyu Huang, Kai Qiu, Shining Zhu, Tao Li. A planar wide-angle-imaging camera enabled by metalens array. Optica, 2022; DOI: 10.1364/OPTICA.446063 Tao Li and colleagues from Nanjing University in China report their new ultrathin camera in Optica, Optica Publishing Group’s journal for high-impact research. … Read more

Researchers have uncovered a regulator of body weight that could lead to new treatments for metabolic disorders

Researchers have uncovered a regulator of body weight that could lead to new treatments for metabolic disorders – NovLink Home Mash G Researchers have uncovered a regulator of body weight that could lead to new treatments for metabolic disorders We would love to say thanks to the author of this article for this awesome web … Read more

Researchers generate high-quality quantum light with modular waveguide device

Journal Reference: Kan Takase, Akito Kawasaki, Byung Kyu Jeong, Mamoru Endo, Takahiro Kashiwazaki, Takushi Kazama, Koji Enbutsu, Kei Watanabe, Takeshi Umeki, Shigehito Miki, Hirotaka Terai, Masahiro Yabuno, Fumihiro China, Warit Asavanant, Jun-ichi Yoshikawa, Akira Furusawa. Generation of Schrödinger cat states with Wigner negativity using a continuous-wave low-loss waveguide optical parametric amplifier. Optics Express, 2022; 30 … Read more

Researchers identify a new treatment for metabolic syndrome

Journal Reference: Ila Mishra, Wei Rose Xie, Juan C. Bournat, Yang He, Chunmei Wang, Elizabeth Sabath Silva, Hailan Liu, Zhiqiang Ku, Yinghua Chen, Bernadette O. Erokwu, Peilin Jia, Zhongming Zhao, Zhiqiang An, Chris A. Flask, Yanlin He, Yong Xu, Atul R. Chopra. Protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor δ serves as the orexigenic asprosin receptor. Cell Metabolism, … Read more

Researchers adapt technology made for astronomical observations to biomedical imaging

Journal Reference: Atsushi Yagishita, Shin’ichiro Takeda, Miho Katsuragawa, Tenyo Kawamura, Hideaki Matsumura, Tadashi Orita, Izumi O. Umeda, Goro Yabu, Pietro Caradonna, Tadayuki Takahashi, Shin Watanabe, Yousuke Kanayama, Hiroshi Mizuma, Kazunobu Ohnuki, Hirofumi Fujii. Simultaneous visualization of multiple radionuclides in vivo. Nature Biomedical Engineering, 2022; DOI: 10.1038/s41551-022-00866-6 Currently, fluorescent tracers are used to image the distribution … Read more

Researchers accurately identify people with PTSD through text data alone

Journal Reference: Jeff Sawalha, Muhammad Yousefnezhad, Zehra Shah, Matthew R. G. Brown, Andrew J. Greenshaw, Russell Greiner. Detecting Presence of PTSD Using Sentiment Analysis From Text Data. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 2022; 12 DOI: 10.3389/fpsyt.2021.811392 Psychiatry PhD candidate Jeff Sawalha, who led the project, performed a sentiment analysis of text from a dataset created by Jonathan … Read more

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